J Korean Diabetes > Volume 19(3); 2018 > Article
The Journal of Korean Diabetes 2018;19(3):153-159.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkd.2018.19.3.153    Published online October 5, 2018.
당뇨병성 말초신경병증의 진단 및 치료
문성수
Diagnosis and Management of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy.
Seong Su Moon
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea. drmoonss@hanmail.net
Abstract
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes and is diagnosed as the presence of symptoms and/or signs of peripheral nerve dysfunction in people with diabetes. The prevalence of DPN was reported at 33.5% of type 2 diabetes patients by the Korean diabetes neuropathy study group. Early diagnosis is recommended to prevent diabetic foot ulcers, amputation, or disability. A questionnaire asking about symptoms and neurologic examination of feet is commonly used as a screening tool. However, complete diagnostic tests for DPN are not well established because of incomplete understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms leading to the nerve injury, the various clinical manifestations, and the unclear natural history. Therefore, DPN has not been paid sufficient attention by clinicians. The roles of glycemic control and management of cardiovascular risk factors in the prevention and treatment of neuropathic complications are well known. Pathogenetically oriented or symptomatic agents are other options, though such treatments do not always produce a satisfactory outcome. Therefore, DPN remains a challenge for physicians to screen, diagnose, and treat. There have been recent advances in understanding the mechanisms underlying DPN and in the development of new diagnostic modalities and treatments. In this review, diagnosis and management of DPN will be discussed.
Key Words: Diabetic complications, Diabetic polyneuropathy, Peripheral neuropathies


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