J Korean Diabetes > Volume 16(1); 2015 > Article
The Journal of Korean Diabetes 2015;16(1):56-64.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkd.2015.16.1.56    Published online March 26, 2015.
당뇨병 환자의 생활습관 및 심혈관계 인자 실태
한아름, 신새론, 박혜린
Lifestyles and Cardiovascular Factors of Diabetic Patients.
A Lum Han, Sae Ron Shin, Hyerin Park
Department of Family Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea. devilron@naver.com
Abstract
BACKGROUND
There are many studies on lifestyle management of diabetic patients, but few provide sufficient data comparing a diabetic group with an abnormal fasting glucose group and a normal, non-diabetic group. In this study, we compare the lifestyle management of diabetic patients with those of others groups. METHODS: Among patients visiting the health promotion center of a single university hospital, we retrospectively collected medical records and survey responses regarding patient information. RESULTS: No difference was found in smoking status or smoking intake among the three groups. Alcohol consumption was high in the diabetes group, followed by the abnormal fasting glucose group and the normal group. The diabetes group reported a higher frequency of exercise per week than the normal group. With regard to systolic BP, both the diabetes and abnormal fasting glucose groups were higher than the normal group, with a level greater than the therapeutic goal of 130 mmHg. Both the diabetes group and the abnormal fasting glucose group had a higher triglyceride level than the normal group, with a measure greater than the therapeutic goal of 150 mg/d. The diabetes group had a higher highly sensitive C-reactive protein level than other two groups, with a level greater than 1 mg/dL. CONCLUSION: Management of smoking and alcohol consumption is not sufficient in diabetes patients, suggesting the need for tighter control of BP and triglyceride level in such individuals. For these patients, follow-up of highly sensitive C-reactive protein level should also be considered.
Key Words: Cardiovascular factor, Diabetes, Lifestyle


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