J Korean Diabetes > Volume 18(2); 2017 > Article
The Journal of Korean Diabetes 2017;18(2):63-70.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkd.2017.18.2.63    Published online July 31, 2017.
장내 미생물과 대사 질환
Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Disorders.
Kyu Yeon Hur
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ky.hur@samsung.com
The adult gut microbiota comprises 10~100 trillion microorganisms, which is equivalent to 10 times the number of total somatic and germ cells. Further, the collective genomes of gut microbiota (microbiome) contain 100~150-fold more genes than the human genome. The gut microbiota has coevolved with humans and has shown profound effects on various host responses. Recent findings have suggested that an altered gut microbial composition is associated with metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. These findings indicate that the gut microbiota should be considered as an important factor to modulate host metabolism and metabolic disorders. If we could understand the alterations of the gut microbiota, in combination with dietary patterns, this might provide insights into how the gut microbiota contributes to disease progression and whether it could be a potential diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic target.
Key Words: Diet, Gut microbiota, Metabolism
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